Often the failure of one laptop component requires the replacement of the entire motherboard, which is usually more expensive than a desktop motherboard due to the large number of integrated components and their custom shape and size. These allow 2 to 4 graphics cards to be linked together, to allow better performance in intensive graphical computing tasks, such as gaming, video editing, etc. With the steadily declining costs and size of integrated circuits , it is now possible to include support for many peripherals on the motherboard. As of [update] , most desktop computer motherboards use the ATX standard form factor — even those found in Macintosh and Sun computers, which have not been built from commodity components. A motherboard sometimes alternatively known as the main circuit board , system board , baseboard , planar board or logic board ,  or colloquially, a mobo is the main printed circuit board PCB found in general purpose microcomputers and other expandable systems. For other uses, see Motherboard disambiguation. From high current capable digital power delivery, performance-enhancing caching technologies, exclusive high-end audio features, advanced networking and device charging, gold plated hardware connectors and of course, killer good looks, GIGABYTE 8 series motherboards are in a class of their own.
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Motherboard specifically refers to a PCB with expansion capability and as the name suggests, this board is often referred to as the “mother” of all components attached to it, which often include peripheralsinterface cards, and daughtercards: Retrieved from ” https: High rates of motherboard failures in China and India appear anskart be due to ” sulfurous air pollution produced by coal ” burned to generate electricity.
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Additional peripherals such as disk controllers and serial ports were provided as expansion cards. The motherboard layout for laptops depends on the laptop case.
Standard motherboards use electrolytic capacitors to filter the DC power distributed around the board. With the steadily declining gigxbyte and size of integrated circuitsit is now possible to include support for many peripherals on the motherboard.
This even included motherboards with no upgradeable components, a trend that would continue as smaller systems were introduced after the turn of the century like the tablet computer and the netbook. A CPU socket provides many functions, including a physical structure to support the CPU, support for a heat sink, facilitating replacement as well as reducing costand most importantly, forming an electrical interface both with the CPU and the PCB.
CPU sockets on the motherboard can most often be found in most desktop and server computers laptops typically use surface mount CPUsparticularly those based on the Aakart x86 architecture.
As of [update]most desktop computer xnakart use the ATX standard form factor — even those found in Macintosh and Sun computers, which have not been built from commodity components. These allow 2 to 4 graphics cards to be linked together, to allow better performance in intensive graphical computing tasks, such as gaming, video editing, etc.
Given the high thermal design power of high-speed computer CPUs and components, modern motherboards nearly always include heat sinks and mounting points for fans to dissipate excess heat.
Most motherboards have connectors for additional case fans and integrated temperature sensors to detect motherboard and CPU temperatures and controllable fan connectors which the BIOS or operating system can use to regulate fan speed. A case’s motherboard and power supply unit PSU form factor must all match, though some smaller form factor motherboards of the same family will fit larger cases.
Each LAN and USB port is paired with a dedicated protection filter that can withstand high electrostatic discharges, protecting your system from common electrical surges and even direct lighting strikes. Comparison of computer form factors. A typical motherboard will have a different number of connections depending on its standard and form factor. Other components such as external storagecontrollers for video znakart and soundand peripheral devices may be attached to the motherboard as plug-in cards or via cables; in modern microcomputers it is increasingly common to integrate some of these peripherals into the motherboard itself.
DVI Support DVI Digital Visual Interface is a video interface standard designed for carrying uncompressed digital video data and to maximize the anakatt quality of digital display devices, such as LCD monitors, digital projectors, and so on. These capacitors age at a temperature-dependent rate, as their water based electrolytes slowly evaporate.
This can lead to loss of capacitance and subsequent motherboard malfunctions due to voltage instabilities. Business PCs, workstations, giggabyte servers were more likely to need expansion cards, either for more gigabyye functions, or for higher speeds; those systems often had fewer embedded components. A typical desktop computer has its microprocessormain memoryand other essential components connected to the motherboard.
Prior to the invention of the microprocessora digital computer consisted of multiple printed circuit boards in a card-cage case with components connected by a backplanea set of interconnected sockets.
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In very old designs, copper wires were the discrete connections between card connector pins, but printed circuit boards soon became the standard practice.
Motherboards are generally air cooled with heat sinks often mounted on larger chips, such as the Northbridgein modern motherboards. At power-up, the gigabhte processor would load its program counter with the address of the boot ROM and start executing instructions from the ROM.
A motherboard sometimes alternatively known as the main circuit boardsystem boardbaseboardplanar board or logic board gigabyye,  or colloquially, a mobo is the main gigbyte circuit board PCB found in general purpose microcomputers and other expandable systems.
Some small form factor computers and home theater PCs designed for quiet and energy-efficient operation boast fan-less designs. Memory, processors, network controllers, power source, and storage would be integrated into some systems. Additionally, nearly all motherboards include logic and connectors to support commonly used input devices, such as USB for mouse devices and keyboards.
Mid-range and high-end motherboards on the other hand use solid capacitors exclusively. Archived from the original on 27 April Unlike a backplane, it also contains the central processing unit and hosts other subsystems and devices.
It holds and allows communication between many of the crucial electronic components of a system, such as the central processing unit CPU and memoryand provides connectors for other peripherals.
It is a special type of integrated circuit socket designed for very high pin counts.